It is important to know that technological innovations have contributed significantly to the restructuring of organizations to enhance efficiency. The significant shifts in technology have contributed to the growth and development of structures that make it easy to improve efficiency, especially in the criminal and justice organizations. Therefore, this paper discusses how technology is used to structures in criminal and justice organizations to improve efficiency.
Technological improvements are increasingly making it easy to automate much of the work that was previously done by humans (Cole, Smith & DeJong, 2018). For instance, it is now much easier to use some aspects of technology such as electronic monitoring to substitute for the incarceration. Imagine with the arrival of new technology; it is now effective to monitor convicts even at their homes through massive surveillance instead of taking them to prison (Cole, Smith & DeJong, 2018). The criminal and justice organizations are increasingly using GPS monitors and blood and alcohol content monitors to improve security (Cole, Smith & DeJong, 2018). The use of technology is yielding positive results in the criminal organizations because it is now possible to allow convicts to visit their kids and homes without the company of the police since it is easy to monitor their movement through technology. It is an aspect of punishment that possesses little deterrent effects on the prisoner when compared to what the prison does.
The use of sensor technologies in the organization also improves the quality of information especially about criminal behaviors (Cole, Smith & DeJong, 2018). In the past, it was only possible to collect information about the crime, but with the improvement of technology, it is now possible for the criminal justice organization to collect and monitor information about people daily (Cole, Smith & DeJong, 2018). It is what makes it possible to monitor the behavior of people. It is also possible to apply the use of machine learning and other forms of prediction algorithms to crunch data much faster than a human can do. For instance, it is easy to use facial recognition software’s to identify a person with an outstanding warrant of arrest.
Cole, G. F., Smith, C. E., & DeJong, C. (2018). The American system of criminal justice. Cengage Learning.