The Effect of Post-Teaching Activity Type on Vocabulary Learning of Elementary EFL Learners

The Effect of Post-Teaching Activity Type on Vocabulary Learning of Elementary EFL Learners


The article delves into the importance of vocabulary in language communication and precisely assesses the impact post-teaching activities that determine how the learner acquires and understands language vocabularies. Furthermore, learning of language vocabulary is critical for effective communication in the sense that communication becomes difficult when people do not know the right words to use. Language teachers, therefore, play a vital role in facilitating proper mastery of vocabulary, and they use a  wide range of activities to ensure appropriate learning of vocabulary words.

Summary of Article

The article explores the effect of some learning activities have on the process of a learner language vocabulary. The report focuses on a case study on the Iranian elementary EFL Adult Learners.  Since learning of vocabulary is instrumental in learning of language, teachers have significant responsibility in ensuring better opportunities and means for acquiring vocabulary. The study investigates learning of vocabulary through analyzing the following post-teaching activities namely: role-play, narrative writing, speaking events and games on elementary EFL learners for all gender.

The post-teaching activities are vital because they help learners take part in vocabulary learning. In other words, an approach used should include learner acquisition and retention of new vocabularies (Thornbury, 2002). Therefore various task-based tasks such as describing words, role-plays, games, etc. enables leaner to develop and utilize words in different contexts. Despite the several learning approaches and methods laid down there no clear strategy that focuses on the retention of the new vocabularies learned. According to Elley(1989), learning of dictionaries is mainly a memory function. Repeated exposure and encountering of words in different contexts helps a learner understand the meaning of new words. The initial approach is the identification of the definition of a word, and later consistent exposure is vital in boosting contextual knowledge. Richardson (1997) says, “The traditional approach to teaching – the transmission model – promotes neither the interaction between prior and new knowledge nor the conversations that are necessary for internalization and deep understanding.”

According to Muncie (2002), narrative writing is known as one of the tools for language improvement as it pays strict attention to the usage of language via composition writing is far much better than reading comprehension. Learners writing tend to remember and apply the words they have used previously than the words just read.

The current challenge in EFL classes is the provision of opportunity for learners to exercise the knowledge learned for example conversation. Role-playing helps in retention of knowledge gained and also create a positive attitude towards material acquired. Word games also play an essential role as they enable the learner to appreciate that some words as critical because without them game words cannot be complete(Sideris et al., 2006).  Game words can be designed to promote teacher instructions and also adds fun to the learning process through friendly competition.  The effect of games on the EFL study conducted proved the effectiveness and distinct advantage in diverse learning and retention of vocabularies.

Generally, the study established that consistent exposure to particular vocabularies via role-playing plays an essential role in the acquisition and retention of words. In addition speaking also is another task that is vital in mastery of foreign language  vocabulary while narrative writing is the least effective of all. Again role-playing is the putting of practice previously learned vocabularies.  The study indicates that story writing did not help learners in the EFL meet the objectives of the study. According to Charvez(2001), female outcompete male in the language vocabulary as female tend to interact with people more than male.


Explanation of Course Concept   Connection

The study comprehensively explores the factors that determine the effective acquisition and mastery of language vocabulary. Furthermore, the study highlights post-teaching tasks and how they contribute to the learning of vocabulary. Role-play task was found to be the most effective approach of acquisition and retention of new language vocabulary as compared to other tasks such as narrative writing. The research highlighted the gender variable whereby female tend to outshine the male.


Explanation of Other  Connections.

I get the article very thrilling in the sense that I have been using traditional approaches in teaching languages, and with the newly learned approaches I will apply the criteria especially the role-play not only to make learning exciting but also assist learners in remembering the vocabularies they discovered. Also,the article puts emphasis and clarifies on the best approach to use.