The Long, Bitter Trail: Andrew Jackson and the Indians

The Long, Bitter Trail: Andrew Jackson and the Indians

Question One

President Jackson was in good relationship with the natives before he becomes the president of the United States because he never showed the people the desire to run for political office. Jackson relationship with the white Native Americans was good because he helped them during the wars that occurred (Wallace 32). He was a significant leader in the army; hence he coordinated all the military activities that involved attacking the enemies that wanted to control the United States. Jackson was popular among the people because they viewed him as their hero in defending the territory. His attitudes reflected that of the southerners where he believed that the United States should remain independent away from the influence of other countries.

Question Two

Key characteristics of the southeastern tribes include being farmers as their primary source of livelihood. The people used to farm their food for consumption, and this reduced the interactions with other communities, trade encourages interactions among the people as they trade (Wallace 61). The southerners also had their own culture and did not want to interact with other communities living around them. The southern tribes also engaged in hunting wild animals that they eat as their food. Also, the other culture of the southerners is that they had strong beliefs in religion. The communities were organized into social units, and people had their leaders. Also, the tribes loved to love along the river banks. This differs from the northern tribes that lived as social communities interacting among themselves.

Question Three

The federal government faced challenges in handling the Indian immigrant’s challenge because the government was under pressure from the natives to regulate immigration (Wallace 65). The people wanted the immigrants on how they could access and use land, and the Indians were mostly hunters and farmers; hence they needed land to use. The government was formed to come up with a policy to control the immigrants. The policy wanted the people to relocate peacefully, few people migrated. The foreign tribes that had emigrated to the United States did not have a good relationship with the Native Americans because they felt that the natives were discriminating them. There were tensions between Native Americans and other tribes. The poor relationship between the communities’ led to tensions between them.

Question Four

President Jackson used to respect the people from the Indian community, but his views later change when he saw that the Indians were not willing to work with other communities that lived around them (Wallace 102). He was convinced by the views of the white natives that the tribes that had migrated to the United States needed to be relocated to other areas to protect the identity and the culture. Other immigrant communities such as the Indians were not willing to adopt the American culture. The beliefs of President Jackson changed from supporting their settlement in the American to being among the people that wanted them to move out.

Question Five

The act that advocated for the resettlement of the India people was presented to parliament in 1830; the act was aimed at formulating a policy guideline on how the Indian people could be resettled along the Mississippi river a region that was considered to be outside the United States (Wallace 74). The tribes living in those areas were also going to be relocated to give room for settling of the Indian community. The members of Congress believed that the act would help in preserving the culture of the Native Americans from foreign influence by relocating the communities that posed a threat to the white’s natives. The congress members believed that the act would streamline the relocation. The affected where not happy with the bill to relocate them to the areas that they were not familiar with. Also, the Americans that were to be relocated were not satisfied with they are the policy to abandon their ancestral land too.

Question Six

The Indian removal act required the Indians to relocated willingly back to their countries or settle to the areas around the Mississippi River where there was land designated for their resettlement (Wallace 83). Many of them were reluctant of resettling until the state intervened by using the military to force people to relocate. Many people died during the relocation. Communities were divided while others lacked land to relocate to. It was not intentionally designed to be deadly for the Native Americans because they are the ones advocating for the resettlement.

Question Seven

Many people lost their lives during the resettlement; therefore hence people lost their loved ones. The relocation also separated many people and communities that lived together; hence the people lost their friends that they used to live together with (Wallace 135). The resettlement changes the future generations of Native Americans where they did not want to interact with other communities; they did not learn from other communities hence remaining behind in their development.


Works cited

Wallace, Anthony F. C. Long, Bitter Trail: Andrew Jackson And The Indians. 1st ed., Wang, 1993, pp. 1 – 160.