The Rainbow Man

The black protest movement was able to become victorious around the 1960s. Individuals like Malcolm X inspired the majority of individuals from the African American community and championed for Black Power slogan (White & Dierenfield, 2014). Later in 1966, Bobby Seale and Huey Newton established The Black Panther Party which reflected the ideas of the Black Power (White & Dierenfield, 2014). The party had numerous demands such as the full employment for black people, decent homes, and education accepted to serve in the military and end police brutality and the killings of black people. The party had an agenda of being a reformist and not a revolutionary party that threatened law and order. The Black Panther party advocated for the provision of free breakfast for children from the African American community and provided medical services to the ghetto residents (White & Dierenfield, 2014). However, the party later became a revolutionary movement that was focused on overthrowing the existing capitalist government. It was around the 1970s that the Islam Nation also experienced changes. Elijah Muhammad died in 1975, and his son resumed the leadership role and advocated for the rights of the Muslim community.

Another notable civil rights activist was Jesse Jackson. He was born in 1941 in Greensville, chose South Carolina. His mother was Hellen Burns while his father was Noah Robinson. Jesse spent most of his childhood living with his grandmother until he was a teenager (White & Dierenfield, 2014). In school, he was a spirited follow who was optimistic and wanted to win in everything. Jackson wanted to escape from the unbearable impact of segregation in the South so he rejected a scholarship and persisted that he would attend the universities in the North. He went to the University of Illinois (White & Dierenfield, 2014). However, his life became even worse and chose to transfer to the North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University. It was an all-black institution and felt like he belongs there. He engaged in different activities including football. He later joined SCLC and led a revolutionary movement to advocate for civil rights of the oppressed but was found to have involved in financial misdeeds. The SCLC suspended him but later chose to resign.



White, J., & Dierenfield, B. J. (2014). A History of African-American Leadership. Routledge.

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