The Role of the UN in Maintaining Peace & Security

The Role of the UN in Maintaining Peace & Security

Introduction

The United Nation is working to keep international security and peace around the globe where security threat is becoming the norm of the day. The primary purpose of the creation of the united nation was to enhance security and peace internationally after the failure of the league nations. Despite the United States’ a lot of successes, the organization still has experienced failures in some cases.Numerous numbers of individuals have died, and others left homeless as a result of war or conflicts (Bais&Huijser, 2017).

The united nation continues to face a lot of challenges regarding how they should deal with the security issue because of the growing cost of handling a conflict situation(Bais&Huijser, 2017).The united nation has reinforced its relationship with both sub-regional and regional organization which plays a more significant role in conflict mediation and prevention.

Some of the threats to international security and peace are widespread terrorist activity in the world. Terrorism is the gaining of ideological or religious objective through the use of violence. Countering terrorism has been the agenda of the United Nations system for decades. Terrorism has occurred through history, and today it doesn’t only affect societies but affects the entire world this has caused tension every really affects international peace and security.Another threat to global security and peace in the community is transactional organization crime(Bais&Huijser, 2017).This paper shall discuss the manner in which the United Nations is controlling peace in the world.

The Manner in which the United Nations(U.N) is Controlling Peace in the World

Nuclear weapons are on top of the list of terrifying coercions to international security and peace (Barash, 2017). The United Nation has spent a lot of money trying to control the number of nuclear weapons around the world. Nuclear weapons can lead to lots of destruction leading insecurity in the international states. Currently, there are about 1600 very dangerous weapons which are held by nine countries including Russia, North Korea, France, Israel, India, United Nations, China and United Kingdom(Barash, 2017).These weapons can easily destroy the earth if mishandled.The United Nations organization has stepped in to condemn these countries against keeping and manufacturing of such dangerous weapons. The United States has gone ahead to abolish the use of such nuclear weapons as the weapons may as well turn into human and animal health hazard. Terrorists are as well striving to acquire these dangerous weapons to assist them in disrupting of national and local and international peace and security.That’s the reason the United Nations organization has stepped in to condemn the terrorist act. In addition, the United Nations has formed a solid unity of Armed soldiers from various nations to help fight terrorism (Boardman,2016). For instance, the United Nations’ soldier are present in many of the terrorism dominated countries such as Saudi Arabia, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh among other terrorism affected areas. The countries possessing nuclear weapons are security and peace threat to each other. They can easily engage in a fight in case one of them happens to strike first. In this fact, the United States steps in by engaging the countries in the signing of various peace treaties and agreements. The peace treaties ensure peace and security is maintained as the states arebound by the treaties(Boardman,2016).

Infectious diseasesarebecoming a new international security and peace threat. In the past decade, there has been a widespread contagious disease that the medical community deemed to have been defeated with the global vaccination (Fenton, 2017). The risk keeps growing as the spread of contagious disease such as Ebola can cause the death of many people. The United Nation security council has gone even todeclaresome infectious disease a national disaster and threat to both security and peace internationally(Fenton, 2017).The disease’s spread on the social, economic and political has a devastating consequence. The united nation has even got to the extent of releasing a draft report warning that the threat is bigger than people think, and they are not ready to deal with it. Due to the world’s poor facilities to deal with the diseases, United Nations’ employees have taken upon themselves to physically distribute medications on various affected areas besides sensitizing the affected against the disease(Kelsen, 2017).

States between countries is another cause of disruption of peace and security in the international system. One of the United Nation’s highest objectives remains to be conflict prevention.Preventive accomplishment by the United States surpasses traditional diplomacy(Kelsen, 2017).An interstate conflict might lead to no peace and the international community and people losing their lives a lot. A conflict between state will lead to the decline of economy and destruction of property (Raisov&Simsek, 2018). This might also influence other countries into involving themselves in the conflict.

Climate change is another security threat to international security(Raisov&Simsek, 2018). Climate change has an impact on global security ranging from rising sea devastating natural disaster to the rising demand for humanitarian assistance. Change in climate has led to new conflicts over resources and natural commodities(Raisov&Simsek, 2018).The United States group has been on the front line assisting the people affected by the climatic calamities such as floods and earthquakes such as the Tsunami. United Nations Organization has assisted individuals affectedpsychologically by counseling and the ones physically affected through donations of food, temporary shelters, and treatment among other aids (Snyder, 2017).

Member state of the United Nations has shown their desire to using peacekeeping. United Nation peacekeeping operation has been challenging as they constantlyencounter freshforms of security perils that will require freshstrategies and approaches(Snyder, 2017). The United Nation has some ways in which it uses to maintain international peace and security. The United States has done humanitarian assistance, peacekeeping, and peacemaking all to prevent break out of conflict(Snyder, 2017).

The United nation uses a method of Pacific settlement of disputes in accordance with chapter 6 of the United Nation which contains how pacific settlement of disputes can be used (Thakur, 2016). The chapter contains the process of judicial, arbitration, conciliation, mediation, inquiry and negotiation settlement among others. There is an alternative of seeking traditional maintenance which is established in international laws in case any of the parties engaged in the dispute happens to global security and peace in danger(Thakur, 2016). The United States is then forced to intervene in case any of the conflicting parties fail to observe article 33.

Disarmament is another method by the United Nations to prevent conflicts.The United Nations organization has been making recommendations and conducting forums for disarmament (Jenks,2017).Frequently, the United Nations organization has been pleading with various nations to embrace treaties banning the use of destructive weapons such as nuclear weapons.Instead, the use of light weapons and small firearms under controlled situationsis encouraged by the United States(Jenks,2017).

This method used by the united nation has proven to be effective because it has been able to uphold security and peace internationally since it was started(Conte, 2017). The political affairs department should be hailed for its excellent work when it comes to organization on advertising, assessing and monitoring advising the United Nations on better methods of maintaining security and peace.Thesignificant contribution of the United States to peacekeeping and security maintenance around the globe has reflected an accomplishment of the failed objectives of the League of Nations (Conte, 2017).

 

 

Conclusion

The United Nations organization still has a significant role of prevention conflict from rising, and if any need arises, they should be able to intervene and solve the problem fairly to prevent a rise of another conflict. Prevention of conflict remains to be among the primary goals of the United Nations Organization. In the currentworld, preventing any kind of conflict encompass beyond traditional preventive diplomacy to involve a broad constellation of UN working on an issue like climate change, human rights and poverty eradication especially of women and children in states facing conflict problems. Both the United Nations organization members and non-members should implement the UN’s proposals on ways to eliminate global insecurity and peace. For instance, all the nations should embrace and practice banning of dangerous weapons which are harmful to other people. Alternatively, countries should sign peace treaties per the United Nations to help eliminated collisions and conflict probabilities. On the other hand, in case of advanced misunderstanding, the conflicting countries are encouraged to seek assistance from the United Nations on the way forward.

The United Nations organization also has a democratic institution and control arms. While the United Nations organization is building on peace and security mechanism, it needs to get financial assistance from its member states. The duties of the United Nations organization are essential inbringing unity and preventing conflictsin various countries. The United Nations organization should continue its role so that the rights of people will be maintained and respected all over the world. Non-member state should join the United Nations organization to gain and get involved with the international community and not be left out.

 

References

Bais, K., &Huijser, M. (2017). The profit of peace: Corporate responsibility in conflict regions. Routledge.

Barash, D. P. (2017). Approaches to peace (Vol. 199). Oxford University Press.

Boardman, R. (2016). Post-socialist world orders: Russia, China, and the UN system. Springer.

Fenton, N. (2017). Understanding the UN Security Council. Taylor & Francis.

Gordon, W. (2016). The United Nations at the crossroads of reform. Routledge.

Kelsen, H. (2017). Collective security and collective self-defense under the Charter of the United Nations. In The Use of Force in International Law (pp. 97-110). Routledge.

Raisov, B., &Simsek, A. (2018). The Role of Media in Peaceful Resolution of Civil Wars: The Case of Tajikistan from the Point of Peace Communication. Online Journal of Communication and Media Technologies8(3), 215-236.

Snyder, A. C. (2017). Setting the agenda for global peace: Conflict and consensus building. Routledge.

Thakur, R. (2016). The United Nations, peace and security: from collective security to the responsibility to protect. Cambridge University Press.

Conte, A. (2017). Security in the 21st century: the United Nations, Afghanistan, and Iraq. Routledge.

Jenks, C. W. (2017). The Legal Personality of International Organizations. In International Legal Personality (pp. 229-238). Routledge.

 
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