The Social-Cognitive Theory and the Dimensions of Wellness

The Social-Cognitive Theory and the Dimensions of Wellness

The social-cognitive theory is a behavioral model that was propagated by Albert Bandura in the early 1960s. Initially, Bandura conceived the model as the social learning theory (SLT) and later advanced it in 1986 to the present-day social cognitive theory (Lamorte, 4). It states that behavioral changes and learning occurs in reciprocal settings where there is an interaction of people, behaviors, and environment. It is also based on the reasoning that environments are a form of social reinforcement that shapes people’s social practices. As such, the occurrence of behavioral actions depends on the person’s past experiences and social environments that determine their conducts. It is argued that past experiences are the primary determinant for a person’s expectancies, expectations, and reinforcements (Bandura, 145). These aspects determine whether a person will engage in a specific behavior and the reasons behind such actions.

The six primary dimensions of wellness are emotional, social, physical, spiritual, occupational,and intellectual health. Physical wellness entails the fitness of the body that enables an individual to perform a range of activities. The physical actions to improve physical health are proper nutrition, regular exercise, and having adequate sleep. Emotional wellness is a state that a person is comfortable with his or her feelings and thoughts. The actions to improve this dimension of wellness are accepting feelings, maintaining self-esteem, being optimistic, and practicing mindfulness. Social well-being, on the other hand, is enhanced by interacting and relating well with other people. The aspect of spiritual health entails embracing experiences and physical realm of involvements. Spiritual wellness improves by having a sense that life is meaningful. The health action of mental wellness is having a lively interaction with the surrounding.Occupational dimension, on the other hand, is enhanced by conserving the environment and keeping the surrounding free of hazards.


Work Cited

Bandura, Albert. “Health promotion by social cognitive means.” Health education &

            Behavior 31.2 (2004): 143-164.

Lamorte, Wayne “Behavioral Change Models: The Social Cognitive Theory.” 2018. Online. 19 2 2019. Accessed February 19th


Do you need high quality Custom Essay Writing Services?

Custom Essay writing Service