The social theory is the view that an individual’s political or moral obligations depend on the individual’s contract to form a society he or she will live in. Hobbes, who lived during the early periods of modern history in England, describes the existing conflict in his time to the conflict between the Kings and his people, the monarchists, and the parliamentarians. Hobbes rejects Filmer’s view that political authority is vested on an individual by God and such authorization is absolute. Therefore, the political obligation was based on the people’s responsibility to obey God. Besides, Hobbes also refuted the democratic view that power should only be shared between the king and the parliament. In his argument on the two views, he argues that political power and obligation is dependent on an individual’s interests on the society members who are believed to be equal. Therefore, according to him, no single individual should be vested with the authority to rule other society members. In doing so, the monarch maintains should maintain its power to ensure the survival of the society. Hobbes advocates for the continuation of the traditional form of leadership that was previously enjoyed by the natives of England.
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