For the longest time, society has evolved to achieve success depending on the obstacles presented and the demands of the time. Indeed, society continues in its path of progression and is predicted to be different in the near future. Today, society presents a myriad of rights and freedoms that did not exist in the past to the people. The process of change is therefore important in the fostering of new opportunities and the adaptation of humans to the current situations. The understanding of society in today’s world cannot be similar to the understanding of people that lived in the world centuries ago. As such, there is a distinct line between traditional and modern societies in terms of the social, economic and political livelihoods of the people. That notwithstanding, there are communities that have preserved the values of traditional societies and continue to practice these ideals to date. In similar fashion, other societies have, either in part or in whole, shifted to a modern form of society. Suffice to say, a majority of the communities are now inclined towards the modern society (Cox, 1997). The differences between the two societies have occasioned a vast array of opinions as well as controversy. This paper is an assessment of the different viewpoints on the elements of each of the societies. It will also address the differences and the main principles of traditional and modern societies.
The traditional society is the older of the two having been practiced years before the advent of the industrial revolution. This form of society was characterized by family honor, the selection of marriage partners by their parents as well as an inclination towards division of labor. Consequently, the roles of men and those of women were different ad specific and none could perform the role of the other. Similarly, the old people had different roles to those of the young and each set of people was respected for their contribution to society. While women were confined in homes to pursue domestic chores, men assigned the roles of breadwinners and protection of the family. In traditional societies, the family was the basic unit of administration and is the equivalent of today’s welfare state. In addition, this type of society valued prestige and assumed the same to be a sign of good status. In this regard, therefore, all members of the family worked towards the sustenance of the family’s prestige (Petkovic, 2007). Normally, families strived to attain approval, respect as well as honor through individual and family levels.
The traditional setting of society was anchored around the sustenance of the family as the basic unit. In this undertaking, each person within a family was supposed to marry people of similar or higher status. Parents were of the view that their offspring should not propagate children with people that were of a lower status in the society. The inclination towards people of equal or higher status is based on the assumption that marriages should work towards strengthening of the family’s positions in society. This belief resulted in the practice of marriages being planned carefully with a huge focus on the family’s well being. The society was structured in a way that dictated people to differ to other people of higher status. For instance, a young person would differ to an older person while women would differ to men. Ultimately, everyone would differ to God who was the Supreme Being (Petkovic, 2007). A closed belief system characterized the traditional society and was based on superstitions in which anything considered foreign or new was rejected. The society did not allow for the disruption of its existence and ambition was considered a vice because
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