Frantz Fanon, Richard Waswo and Edward focus on the issue of colonialism. It is a policy where the rich countries extend their influence and control over other nations. They exploit the resources and establish settlements in such societies. This trend creates more wealth for the colonialist while making the conquered countries poorer. The discussion by the three scholars focuses on three main issues namely East/West, Native/Settler, and Orient/Occident.
Frantz Fanon and the two scholars explain that the west used their advanced technologies and their wealth to dominate the east. This is what led to the scramble of Africa and other parts of Asia. Some of the colonies like the French, the Germans and the British among others. As a result, they took control of resources and exploited the natives. The African, Asian and Middle East cultures began eroding since they were not given any preference. Therefore, political revolutions started during the First World War. The oppressed could not endure their suffering and had to rise to fight for their rights. Although, the colonized countries attained their freedom, the issue of post-colonialism is rife in most third world nations. These nations still face threats of sanctions from the developed countries.
The three also give their views on the relationship between the settlers and the Natives. The three thinkers give the differences between the two categories of people. The two groups not only come from different regions but they are also economically alienated. The settlers have an advantage since they have a potential of exploiting other nation’s resources for their benefit. Therefore, the struggle between the two groups is purely political and economic. However, they also have different ideologies. The settlers exercise material power even though they have inferior values to that of the inhabitants. According to their assumption, the native’s values are better than those of the settlers. However, there is no explanation of how they can use these values to reform institutions. The native’s desire for power and wealth is also different from that of a foreigner. These disagreements are what bring violence between the two groups. This is because each of them keen to retain power and control resources.
Additionally, the thinkers vehemently oppose the issue of assimilation by the western nation. They observe that it undermines African cultures and beliefs. Moreover, native spirituality is a powerful force that is expected to overcome the settlers. Consequently, the scholars are not keen to develop an exclusively indigenous community but to replace the western cultures. Their sentiments also create a clash between reality and ideology in the process of decolonization.
Orientalism is described as the habit of the west to patronize representations in the East. It refers to the individuals and communities occupying areas of the Middle East, Asia, and North Africa. The goal is to ensure that the East is confined and becomes fearful of the west. The European nations have been blamed as the primary cause of colonialization across the globe. Occident is a Latin name which means the west. It is because the sun rises in the east and sets in the west. This shows the superiority of the western nations over other countries. It demonstrates how the Europeans are more developed, their wealth and modernity. It is the reason why their civilization spread quickly to different parts of the world.
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