Spaying is the process of removing the uterus and the ovaries of a female animal while neutering involves the process of removal of the testicles of the male animals. The activity should only be carried out in a given species of animals and not all because of its side effects on certain species of animals. The timing of carrying out the process should also be checked before doing it. The activity has caused a number of disorders and risks on specific species of animals. However, it has also reduced animals’ hospitalization on the species where it works best. The paper provides a detailed description Why not all Animals Should Be Neutered/ Spayed.
It is in order not to expose all animals to spaying/ neutering because of some of the controversial adverse effects of the process has shown in certain animals. The issue of concern, therefore, is why we should not generalize the process of spaying/ neutering to all the animals. Spaying/ neuter may result in abnormalities such as the hormonal change in some animal, for instance, it leads to risks of certain orthopedic disorders and neoplastic in some species of dogs. For that case, veterinarians’ should strive to carry out a thorough evaluation of the pet or animal presented to them before starting the process. If the process is not compatible with the type of animal in question, they should advise the clients accordingly and give them recommendations.
The study recognized a sundry of risks and disorders of neutering/spaying on certain animals. It majored on specific species of dogs and cats that should not undergo surgery. The disorders mentioned are Reproductive neoplasia, diseases of the urinary tract and lymphoma. The other risks that dispute spaying/ neutering in all animals include Hemangiosarcoma, Osteosarcoma, Orthopedic disorders, and Mast-cell tumor. All these disorders on specific pets show clearly why neuter/and spay is recommended only to some animals but not all of them.
The main arguments of not spaying/ neutering all animals from the article include the following.
Neutering/spaying in some animals leads to hormonal change exposing the animals to various negative risks that might cost the animals lives.
It also leads to a sundry of disorders in some animals after a given period upon carrying out the surgery. The diseases caused by neutering/ spaying to certain kinds of animals includes urinary tract disorders, neoplasia, lymphoma, Osteosarcoma, Mast-cellular tumor, Orthopedic disorders among others.
Therefore, spaying/neutering cause hormonal changes in some animals, hence putting them at risk. It also leads to disorders that affect the lives of the animals. Thus the surgery should not be carried out in all the animals.
The journal indicates that Reproductive Neoplasia disorder is malignant in female large-breeds dogs at 58% and 25% in small- breed dogs. It is common in Boxer breed of dogs. The study also found that Urinary Tract Disorders mostly attacks female spayed dogs causing profound incompetence in urethral sphincter- mechanism. This was more common in pups spayed prior to the age of 3 months. It was found that Vizsla breed of dogs was at high risk of developing lymphoma disorder after gonadectomy than the intact dogs. It was high in dogs spayed after the age of 12 months. The same effects were also experienced in Golden retrievers. The risk of Hemangiosarcoma Disorder was high in neutered/spayed Vizslas, Boxers, German Shepherds, Golden retrievers and Labrador species of dogs causing high deaths. The study also found Osteosarcoma Disorder to cause more deaths in dogs castrated before the age of one year. The species at risk include Rottweiler and medium, large and giant dogs. Mast-cell Tumor Disorder is dog’s skin tumor that was found to effects neutered or castrated Boxers, Boston terriers, Labrador and Golden retrievers species of dogs. The disease was seen most frequently in female dogs of these species that were spayed after one year of age. The study found that spayed male Golden retriever dogs suffered highly Orthopedic Disorder of Hip Dysplasia. Those castrated at one year of age were at 10% risk of suffering from it. It also affected Labrador species that were neutered after six months.
On the other hand, neuter/ spaying is viewed as an essential activity that those owning animals and more so pets should decide to do. This is because of the animal health advantages that the animals and the owners enjoy after spaying/neutering the animal.
The most important reasons that the veterinarians express to convince the owners of the animals to spay/neuter are. It makes the female pets to live healthier and longer, reduces the heat of both the female and male pets. The act also provides significant health benefits to male pets, reduces home to home roaming of males, reduces obese in pets, good for the community and reduces Pet population. It is also a cost-effective means of caring for the animals instead of frequent hospitalization. The veterinarians fully evaluate the animal’s health and do the process at a reduced cost all over the USA.
The main arguments in this study focus on the importance of spaying/neutering of animals as.
Increasing longevity of the animal
Reduction of the animals’ heat, enhances animal behavior
Providing significant health benefits to the pet
It reduces the cost of caring for the animals
It is a process that betters the community
Reduces the population of pet in the country
Controls pet roaming
Therefore, it advocates that all the pets should undergo neutering/ spaying as the importance of the activity to the animals’ kingdom.
The study in this source indicates that spaying in females prevents breast cancer and uterine infections, which affects 90% of cats and 50% of dogs. It advocates for earlier spaying before the first heat of the animal to make it leave longer and healthier. Removing the testicles of male pets also yields health benefits such as prevention of cancer of testicles. The action reduces the heating instances of the females which makes it advertise for mates by urinating all over in the house creating a mess and bad behaviors. The removal of the testicles in males stops the behaviors of intact male pets like digging its way out of the house and under the fence. Neuter, therefore, makes pets to be free from roaming to find itself in the traffics of fighting and injury with other males which adds more expenses to the owner. The low cost of surgery helps the owner of the pet to spend less money in future treatment of the pet arising from diseases, fights, and injury they may get while roaming at the neighborhood. The study also found that its good for the community in that they spayed/neutered animals are not like strange animals that prey on wildlife, cause accidents, frightening children and destroying fauna. The study also found that the removal of testicles/ovaries reduces litter that would surge the animal population and causing several cases of euthanasia.
The first journal which advocates for not spaying/neutering all the animals has given strong evidence of the animal species where the process can cause severe harms than when left intact. However, the second journal mostly targets the owners of the pets to take them for surgery they are more on business than the side effects. The motives of the first group advocates for humane ways of treatment and handling of the animals, while the second group’s motive is on business and making money. A fallacy is evident in the second study where they are claiming that spaying/neutering enhances the behavior of the pets by not urinating anyhow. This is a false expression because peeing is nature controlled and we cannot blame the pets for it.
In conclusion, not all the pets should undergo spaying/neutering as suggested by the first study because of the well elaborated side effects of the activity noted by the first study. Most of the arguments given for carrying out surgery in the second study can be controlled. Therefore, we should only spay/neuter some species of animals but not all. This study might influence me to research in the future on the rate of death cases of animals that are unsprayed/ unneutered, in relation to those that have undergone surgery holding other factors constant.
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