In most working places men are paid more compared to women doing the same job within the same hours. According to a study by the International Labor Organization, in most countries, women earn 77% to 80% of the men’s salary working in the same conditions. The gender pay gap is more prominent with high-income earners that those with low pay. In men dominated carriers the gender wage gap seems to be higher than the women dominated carriers. Ideally, there should be equality in payment of workers despite the gender, but most organizations ignore. Globally, statistics show that most women are paid lower than their male counterparts. Besides, most organizations have more male employees even if women too have the needed qualification. The gap difference in most 3rd world countries is because of cultural beliefs on the place of a woman in society. In the earlier decades, most women used to school to high school level and focus on family issues as men perused further education. This education trend has changed with time where today, many women enhance their learning. The gender pay gap has detrimental effects on the economy and society at large. For instance, the knowledge of less pay to a woman doing the same work as the man in an organization is a demotivation to the woman thus reduced production. And when production is adversely affected the economy is directly affected. Therefore giving the same salary to the employees despite their gender will have a positive effect on the company and the community.
The gender pay gap is because of many factors including, disability, motherly responsibilities, occupational segregation, education, religious beliefs, and direct wage discrimination. Though there is pay disparity in most places, the gap varies from country to country. These variations come because of different factors like regional locations, government policies on equality, education level, race and ethnicity, and available opportunities. In developing countries, the gender pay gap is more significant compared to developed countries.
Globally the population of women is higher than the men, and the same applies in the workforce, but this does not tally with the pay they get because men get more. The fact that women earn more than 25% less than women the society needs to take action and fight for equality in salaries. This pay gap brings a lot of negative impact on young girls who want to progress in their education and carriers because they will always feel powerless and depressed. After going through the effects of the gender pay gap, it is clear that the community, organizations and employers and individuals should stand and come up with ways to reduce or even eradicate the inequality that comes with salaries.
The gender pay gap is a complicated issue though it can be solved if all stakeholders work together. By looking at the causes of the pay disparity and working on them, we will be able to reduce the gap. One of the primary reasons for the wage gap is motherhood; it is unfortunate that society would victimize a person on their personal choice of having children and a family. Employers argue that mothers need more time off like when on maternity leave and taking care of children. For the above reason, women end up with less pay than men. In the workforce, women might not be able to work for more extended hours especially when they have infants and families to run. Companies victimize women because men are always available despite the time. (Correll & Benard, 45). Another cause of the disparity in payment is gender discrimination. In male-dominated occupations, women get less pay than men. The organizations believe they are male duties, but women can also do them even better, but there is always doubt on her productivity. Most employers do not value women competences because of religion or cultural beliefs; therefore, they end up paying women lower than men. Also, race and religion is another factor that causes the gender wage gap. Some institutions display discrimination against certain religions or races. In this case, when a woman from a particular race is employed, they are paid less, not because they are not qualified but because of their race or religion.
Though the gap is still significant, there has been a struggle to bring equality in all aspects of life. Women have decreased the deficit by fighting for their rights through various organizations and encouraging more women to get an education so that they can be able to compete with the men. History says that the struggle for equality started in the 19th Century when women workers took up the fight. The fight for equality has enabled more women to be educated and join the workforce, but for the pay, most female employees still earn less than male.
Bridging the gap between the men and women payment will be beneficial in the community. As stated earlier women are more than men in the total population. That means when we avoid pay discrimination women will be encouraged to get more education. An educated community increases productivity thus, increased economic growth. Also, women have the same training as men. Therefore, they will hold the same positions as men and enhance the human resource and productivity of an organization. Besides, reducing the gap means living above the poverty line because inequality brings stunted economic growth. Because women will be able to earn better, they will improve the livelihood and family income. Narrowing the gap requires the input of all stakeholders, governments through the International Labor Organization should come up with policies that promote equality. Finally, employers should not discriminate workers in terms of gender but pay an equal salary for qualified people doing the same work. Women should not be intimidated by the pay but work harder towards achieving better results just like men. For reduce discrimination let every employer follow and implement the government policies on inequality