In 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivered a speech on the tremendous challenges everyone in the United States would experience ahead (Campbell 309). The home front meant that every man, woman, and child would be part of the war. Precisely, people experienced the front in their daily lives and tasks. World War II had the following impact on the American Home Front.
First, the war impacted women in the labor force. During the war, there was increased number of women in the workforce; however, the support of the nation on working women through health insurance and guaranteed wage did little to transform their working conditions. Moreover, citing Campbell (310), after the war, women found it hard to get well-paying jobs due to unemployment policies, wage discrepancies, and discrimination in hiring, which mostly favored male. The reentering of men into the labor force decreased the demand for employer-supported services making it difficult for mothers to support their families.
Regarding the African-Americans, the expansion of war industries enabled them to provide services to the country. African-American were able to secure well-paying jobs because of mobilization. The availability of higher wages and incentives motivated African-Americans to search for war industry jobs in the Northeast and West regions (Campbell 310). Although African-Americans actively participated in the job markets, housing discrimination posed a challenge and this limited their mobility.
Third, the war had a profound impact on the Japanese Americans. After the attack on Pearl Harbor by Japan, Americans perceived the Japanese Americans on the West Coast as spies, and they were a threat to the security of the nation. The intervention of the military commanders resulted in the relocation of approximately 110,000 Japanese Americans. They moved to internment camps leaving behind many belongings.
Campbell, Kenneth L. Western Civilization: A Global and Comparative Approach, Since 1600. Vol. 2. ME Sharpe, 2012.
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