Writing the PICOT Question


Your Name  
What is your burning clinical question? This is a general question about the topic area you are considering for your DNP Project and why this is important to you and your practice.
Depression is anticipated to be the leading causal for the disability, and the second contributor to global disease burden by 2020 (World Health Organization). The devastation resulting from depression is based on the number of years lost to death as well as disability, will be exceeded only heart disease. Therefore, screening or managing depression is significant to reduce the occurrence of the associated risks and mortality. So, it is essential to base my project on depression screening tools for adults’ primary care treatment. The project will focus on the primary care diagnosis of the depressive disorders.

Do the primary care screening tools effective for adults’ depression diagnosis as compared to the traditional standard care? Scores above 15 will warrant treatment for the depression, using psychotherapy, antidepressants or combination treatment. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) will be used as the main literature search for the project. The chosen articles were relevant to the primary health care, the use of depression screening tools, and biases related to the screening tools. It is evident that the chosen PHQ-9 is an efficient and effective screening method that provides rapid depression diagnosis eliminating about a half of the patients by the first two questions, and if these two questions obtain a positive response, then I proceed to the next seven questions. Thus, depression screening is an important initiative that facilitates a full diagnostic interview. For the realization of the reduced cases of depression by 2020, there is a need for good nursing practice as stipulated by the IOM for the advanced nursing practice. The regular screening is advised to be part of the nursing routine.

Type of PICOT and Rationale for Choice of this Type of PICOT
The model is diagnosis PICOT because there was a need to determine whether screening in primary care is effective or not.
P Depression diagnosis in adults
I Screening tools
C Usual standard care
O Effective depression management
T Five months
Written PICOT– use the format as identified in Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt for the specific type of PICOT
In adult depression diagnosis, (P) does screening tools (I) effective for primary care patients compared to the usual standard care (C) for depression management in five months?
Write a paragraph about the significance of the question to advanced nursing practice. Cite one source**from the literature that also establishes that this is a priority (maybe a national research priority) or why it would be significant for nurses in practice beyond your opinion.
Concerning the proposed disease cost and depression prevalence, depression in primary care remained underdiagnosed and undertreated partially because of low confidence in the identification and treatment of mental health diseases (Unützer& Park, 2012). Much research proposes re-engineering of primary health care to monitor adherence to treatment and symptom over time besides screening patients for depression. Diagnosis and treatment for mental health illnesses require a clinical awareness of the significance of the problem, understanding of the available tools for screening, and a systematic approach for the application of patient-centered evidence-based treatment. Although there is an increased number of advanced practice nurses in primary care, it is significant to identify the possible reasons that lead to under-diagnosis and under-treatment of depression within their work environment. Therefore, this project will a professional development required for effective screening for nursing practice through a systematicPHQ-9. An EBP through a comprehensive and formative approach guides the development of a plan for practice change.

Provide the APA Citation for the Sources cited.

Unützer, J., & Park, M. (2012). Strategies to improve the management of depression in primary care. Primary Care: Clinics in Office Practice39(2)Top 20 #14b, 415-431. Doi – Top 20 #15a & b

World Health Organization. Mental Health and Brain Disorders: What Is Depression?www.who.int/mental_health/Topic_Depression/depression1.htm. Accessed August 30, 2019.

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