Youth and Crime Annotated Bibliography

Youth and Crime Annotated Bibliography

For a long time, the law enforcers have been grappling with the problem of juvenile delinquency in society. Various studies have tried to come up with suggestions as to why youth engage in crime.  Parents have been blamed for their laxity in enforcing discipline, and the media has got its fair share of the blame, and also idleness has been singled out as a significant cause.   However, lack of proper education, especially multicultural education, is probably the biggest culprit in propagating this vice.  Multicultural education aims to bring reforms to educational institutions so that students from diverse cultures and races can have equality in education. The education system has failed to rise to the occasion of keeping up with the rapidly changing technology, and thus the youth end up feeling hopeless and turn to crime. This research proposal paper focuses on the lack of proper multicultural education as the root cause of the youth and crime.

Cunneen, Chris, and White, Rob (2011) Juvenile Justice: youth and crime in Australia

The book explores the problems of urban youth especially juvenile delinquency developed the world.

Ravitch, D . Diversity and Democracy: Multicultural Education in America. American Educator: The Professional Journal of the American Federation of Teachers, 14(1).

The journal discusses the controversial issue of multicultural education. It looks at California’s pluralistic approach and contrasts it with the particularistic approach of New York. It also argues that multiculturalism provides American students with an appreciation of the diverse cultures and even the prevailing culture which brings harmony to all Americans.


Nieto, S. (1992). Affirming diversity: The sociopolitical context of multicultural education. Longman, 10 Bank Street, White Plains, NY 10606.

This bookexplores how multicultural education benefits students from different cultural backgrounds to live in harmony with each other and avoid violence.

Utley, C. A., Kozleski, E., Smith, A., & Draper, I. L. (2002). Positive behavior support: A proactive strategy for minimizing behavior problems in urban multicultural youth. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 4(4), 196-207.

This journal article reflects on how healthy and pro-social behaviors can be promoted through a combination of multi-cultural approaches and active, positive behavior support. The journal article is relevant to the topic as addresses the topic of behavioral problems in the urban multicultural youth.

Markey, U., Markey, D. J., Quant, B., Santelli, B., & Turnbull, A. (2002). Operation positive change: PBS in an urban context. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 4(4), 218-230.

The article explores various programs that can strengthen positive behavior support. The article introduces another aspect of reaching to the youth through positive behavior support.

Embracing and Building Culturally Responsive Practices

The article discusses how cultural response system can strengthen the relationship between people from different cultures.

Education and social cohesion

            The article discusses the importance of education and how it transforms people and enables them to reach their goals and personal fulfillment.

The articles have introduced other ways that education can be used to reach the youth through the positive behavior support which enhances the way youth relate with each other in the society.

One of the hypotheses is that the lack of multicultural education is the leading cause of crime amongst the youth.  This is because many teenagers fail to find an identity, especially where they feel isolated and left out.  Secondly, most of the inmates in the prisons today are school dropouts. In the literature review above, there is a lot of information on how to help the youth by giving them the right avenues to find their identities.

The standard for the protection of human standards which might pose the greatest difficulty is getting the right people to use while conducting the research.  It is because respondents might feel that their privacy is threatened.  The respondents need to be assured that the information would not be used to incriminate them or land them in trouble unnecessarily.


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